Bio Diesel (Jatropha) Plantation at Lahan

October 18, 2008

Jatropha curcas

 Jatropha curcas, Barbados nut or Physic nut is a perennial poisonous shrub (normally up to 5 m high) belonging to the Euphorbiaceae or spurge family. It is an uncultivated non-food wild-species. The plant, originating in Central America, whereas it has been spread to other tropical and subtropical countries as well and is mainly grown in Asia and in Africa, where it is known as Pourghère. It is used as a living fence to protect gardens and fields from animals. It is resistant to a high degree of aridity (it can be planted even in the desert) and as such does not compete with food crops. The seeds contain 30% oil that can be processed to produce a high-quality biodiesel fuel, usable in a standard diesel engine.        

 

 Facts about Jatropha

Jatropha is seen by many to be the perfect biodiesel crop. It can be grown in very poor soils actually generating top soil as it goes, is drought and pest resilient, and it has seeds with up to 40% oil content.

 

Here are some facts and figures about Jatropha relating to its growth as an oil product:-

·        Jatropha grows well on low fertility soils however increased yields can be obtained using a fertilizer containing small amounts of magnesium, sulphur, and calcium.

·        Jatropha can be intercropped with many cash crops such as coffee, sugar, fruits and vegetables with the Jatropha offering both fertilizer and protection against livestock.

·        Jatropha needs at least 600mm of rain annually to thrive however it can survive three years of drought by dropping its leaves.

·        Jatropha is excellent at preventing soil erosion, and the leaves it drops act as a wonderful soil enriching mulch.

·        Jatropha prefers alkaline soils.

·        The cost of 1kg of jatropha seeds in India is 6 Rupees.

·        Each jatropha seedling should be given a 2m x 2m area to grow into.

·        20% of seedlings planted will not survive.

·        Jatropha seedlings yield seeds in the first year after plantation.

·        After the first five years, the typical annual yield of a jatropha tree is 3.5kg of beans.  Jatropha trees are productive for up to 30-40 years.

·        2,200 trees can be planted per hectare (approx 1,000 per acre).

·        Glycerol, a biproduct of biodiesel refinement, can be sold in India for around 40-50 Rs per kilogram.

·        One hectare of jatropha plantation yields 25,000 Rupees / year in India.

  Processing

 Seed extraction is made simple with the use of the Universal Nut Sheller, an appropriate technology designed by the Full Belly Project. Oil content varies from 28% to 30% and 94% extraction, one hectare of plantation will give 1.6t (metric tonne) of oil if the soil is average. The oily seeds are processed into oil, which may be directly used to fuel combustion engines or may be subjected to transesterification to produce biodiesel. Jatropha oil is not suitable for human consumption, as it induces strong vomiting and diarrhea. A colourant can also be derived from the seed. 

Jatropha in Nepal

Jatropha plants are found in several plants of Nepal. Although its formal plantation or cultivation was not done till date, due to its growing nature, it’s available in many parts. Traditionally it has been used for medication and fencing purpose.

The formal plantation of the Jatropha has been started in Lahan in the community forest along with the help of the local people. There are four processing plants proposed for extraction of the oil. The two plants would be started soon while the other two would be started a little later.

Jatropha would not only reduce the fuel crisis in Nepal but also assist in improving the environmental conditions and creating employment opportunity for locals. I expect necessary support and assistance from the concerned people in promoting this.

For further information contact:

Mr. Dinesh Yadav, Mob: +977-9842841653, Email: dsknepali@yahoo.com

Er. Krishna Kr. Shah, Mob: +977-9851063825, Email: krishna@most.gov.np,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                kks_82@yahoo.com  

 

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21 Responses to “Bio Diesel (Jatropha) Plantation at Lahan”

  1. Rishi Says:

    Dear Ganesh sir this blog is very informative and interestin. The information about Jetropha is very useful. I’m interested to know Gov. policy on that
    Rishi

  2. climatenepal Says:

    Dear Honorable Minister

    We really highly appreciate your initiative of “e-environment”. I believe you are few amount the minister who own his personnel web page.
    In this regards, we have very expectation from you. Finally, we got an educated, intellectual person in Environment Ministry.

    Manjeet Dhakal


  3. मन्त्रिजीले ब्लग गर्नुभएको देख्दा खुशी लाग्यो । निरन्तरताको शुभकामना ।

  4. Sudip Kafle Says:

    Great to see a Nepali Minister blogging.

    This post is quite impressive. jatropha may be a great source of biodiesel in Nepal in future. I have heard that India is planning to great revenue from this plant and Indian former president APJ Abdul Kalam was a great promotor of it. If ministers like G Shah would try to promote it, its development in nepal will be great.


  5. तपाईको ब्लग देखेर खुसी लाग्यो । पब्लिक को रुपमा फिल्ड मा आउनु भएकोमा – तपाइलाई स्वागत छ । निरन्तर रुपमा पोस्ट गर्न नबिर्सनु होला – आकार जी पोस्ट बाट तपाईको जानकारी पाए र हेर्दा मलाई राम्रो लाग्यो ।

  6. badri Says:

    Dear Sir, your blog is very informative…and Nice to read it.


  7. जनस्तरमा पुग्ने नयाँ बाटो(नेपाली मन्त्रीहरूका लागि) राज्नुभएकोमा धेरै धन्यवाद मन्त्रीज्यूलाई ! आफ्ना कुरा धेरै लेखेर अनि हामीले लेखेका कुरालाई पनि ठाउँसम्म पुर्याउने काम मन्त्रीज्यूले गर्नुहुनेछ भन्ने पुरा विश्वास लिएको छौँ ।

  8. gshah Says:

    Since this plant has many good effect in the current scenario of Nepal, I think we should promote its plantation. We should make awareness about this plant to as many people as possible. In India, they are earning a lot of revenue through its plantation and saving the environment from being polluted. Its duty of all our Nepali citizen to keep our environment clean and pure. So why shouldnt we support plantation of Jatropha…..

    • Ranjan Parajuli Says:

      Dear G.Shah

      It is pleasure to go through your blog, however, i got late to overview it. Obviously, the initiative that you have made in this field from the national level is quite appreciating. As one of the friend in the blog have mentioned that RECAST have made different tests and researches in this field many years ago, but get dumped. This is quite incouraging for those who want to explore and research on innovations. I have also made my MSc. degree dissertation to explore the feasibility of using Jatropha oil for pumping drinking water. I have tried to explore the investment required to cultivate, process and operate end-uses using Jatrropha oil. I hope, if we start cultivating Jatriopha plants in unused and barren land and try to fulfill the local demand, it would replicate and increase the cultivation areas, yield and reduce the cost of oil. Then only, we can say that this fuel can be a partial supplement of diesel. Hence, let us advocate to upscale jatropha cultivation, firstly to provide means of energy to fulfill the local demand and increase the cultivation gradually, so that in the long run we can use in the locomotive engines. i Hope this could be the best practice to ensure sustainability..

  9. आकार Says:

    we must support plantation of Jatropha. मैले कथा चाँहि सुनेको थिएँ, पहिले पहिले नै तराई तिर ट्र्याक्टरमा यही तेल हालेर चलाईन्थ्यो रे !
    जहोस्, यसको खेति नै गरेर जाने हो भने, बायो फ्युल ले नै धेरै गर्न सकिन्छ ।

  10. NRN-USA Says:

    If we can cultivate it scientifically on a commercial scale then probably, we can be self-relaint to some degree in the field of fuels, somewhat like Brazil. Minister saab, you might play a role in funding the research in this regard to assess its optimum growth factors in Nepalese soil and draw-backs before you can advocate its cultivation.

  11. Pramesh Says:

    Ganesh shah jyu,
    Recently Palpako Bhairab darshan sajiwan urja prabardhan bhanne sansthale micro ma Sajiwan tel prayog gari kathmandu samma chalayechan. Yo yekdam positive development ho.
    Tara Dherai lai thaha chaina hola, Nepal is one of the pioneers in the research regarding biodiesel of Sajiwan. TU ko RECAST le yes barema dherai research gareko thiyo, ra dherai positive result pani nikaleko thiyo. Tara tee research ka results haro kina ramrari sarbajanik bhayeno, ya ojehlma paryo. Nepal ma yes sambandhi research bhayeko 15 barsha naghi sakyo. Tara India tatha aru desh ma yesko commercialization huna lagda pani Nepal ma huna nasakda derai dukha lagcha.
    RECAST ka research results harulai turuntai prathamikta ka sath punah sarwajanik garnuparyo.
    NRN-USA jyu, tapaile bhannu bhayeko thik ho. aaghi paachi herera matro yo kam garda ramro huncha. Sajiwan ko bephaida ma yeutai matra dekhchu. Tyo nimnanusar cha
    1. dherai kisan le sajiwan bata hune amdani dekhera aphno khetma anna naropi sajiwan ropna sakchan. yesbata deshko anna ko utpadakatwo ghatna sakcha.
    Tara ye samasya teti saro bikaral hola jasto malai lagdaina. kina bhane sajiwan malilo mato ma phastaudaina. Yeslai jyada sichai bhayeko thau pani phapdaina.
    Sajiwan sambandhi kehi jankari satasat garna pauda dherai khusi lageko cha.
    Danyabad.

  12. Prasiddha Suwal Says:

    Dear Sir/Madame

    I am very glad to learn that people from all ranks and files in Nepal are aware of of Jatropha Plants and its invaluable product – the bio deisel. Even our honourable minister is keen about it and seems to be committed for promoting it. Our neighbour India has made a great achievement in the development and promotion Jatropha and Bio diesel. A huge sum has been allocated by Indian Govt for the purpose. It is learned that the venture is paying back. We in Nepal talk more and act less. Its getting late to act…

  13. omkirshna uprety Says:

    Thanks for good information.
    But, we should make clear to the local people about the potential impact on food security due to jatropha plantation. There should be much research on it.


  14. We should be optimistic on what we do. Your job is very much appreciable. Sir i want to know a lot about jatropha. We, students of mechanical engineering,KU are going to do project on jatropha with collaboration with biotechnology students. So we are hoping for further information about recent industry established @ palpa.

  15. nirakar Says:

    thank you Mr ganesh saha, it was a very good piece of information. As a new youth of this country i have seen a very great future of nepal in this field.. because we know energy industry never fails anywhere at any part of world due to its regular and increasing high demands. besides, the advantage of renewable energy is unexplainable.

  16. mangalkamna nursery Says:

    dear sir
    this is here by notify that . i am from birgunj .is there any demand of jatropha curcus . we belongs to jatropha supplier so if there recquire kindly u mail me in my address .

  17. Shova k.Poudel Says:

    Dear Sir
    First of all i wold like 2 thnks for the good vision of the Nepalese cultivated.
    i have also visited the different Community in the Nepal I have many interaction the Jatropha field visit the community people are very happy. the Those are beneficiaries from Jahropa
    1.Global Warming 2.Climate Change 3. Environment management 4. Sustainable Employment
    5.Poverty alleviation 6.Socio-economic recovery 7.Economic recovery

    plant one seed and watch our nation begin to grow
    Thanking You
    Shova K. Poudel

  18. Algae Diesel Says:

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  19. Brendan Daugherty Says:

    Biodiesel is great because the source is very renewebal. We should always find some fuel that are renewable. ‘.;;;

    My very own blog page
    http://www.melatoninfaq.com/


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